Persons of all ages can experience urological problems. Illness, aging and injury can significantly affect the functioning of the organs of the urinary system. Common urology problems include:
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary system, which consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. While any part of the urinary system can get infected, typically, most infections involve the bladder and urethra. Symptoms include a strong, persistent urge to urinate and strong- smelling urine. Women are more likely to experience a UTI. A UTI must be treated promptly and properly. If not treated, it can lead to a kidney infection, which could permanently damage the kidneys.
Kidney stones are small, hard deposits made of acid salts and mineral. A kidney stone may not cause any symptoms until it moves into the ureter. Symptoms include severe side and back pain (below the ribs), pain when urinating, a persistent urge to urinate, nausea and vomiting. Although there is no single thing that can cause a kidney stone to develop, several factors can make one susceptible to kidney stones, including a family history of kidney stones, dehydration and obesity. Men are more likely to develop kidney stones. While passing kidney stones can be painful, they typically do not cause permanent damage. Aside from drinking plenty of water and taking pain medicine, treatment is seldom necessary.
Painful Bladder Syndrome
Also known as Interstitial Cystitis, painful bladder syndrome can affect persons of all ages. Women, however, are more likely to experience painful bladder syndrome. Symptoms include chronic pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, and a persistent, urgent need to urinate. Symptoms can differ over time, and flare up in response to common triggers, such as stress, exercise, menstruation or sexual activity. There is no cure for painful bladder syndrome, but treatments are available to relieve symptoms.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate gland enlargement, commonly affects men as they get older. BPH symptoms include a frequent, urgent need to urinate and straining when urinating. Doctors are not sure what exactly causes BPH. If not treated, BPH can cause bladder, kidney or urinary tract problems. Several treatment options are available, and include medications, surgery, and lifestyle change
Urinary incontinence is a very common and embarrassing condition. It can range from occasional leaking of urine when coughing or sneezing, to having a strong, sudden urge to urinate. Incontinence can occur due to certain kinds of drinks, medications or foods, or as a result or medical conditions. Persistent cases of incontinence are caused by physical problems and/or changes. There are many types of incontinence. Treatment depends upon the kind of incontinence and the severity of the problem.