More than 170,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year in the United States, making it one of the most common types of cancer in men. Regular prostate cancer screenings can help you find changes early, which may improve treatment outcomes. The experienced team at Urological Associates in Charlottesville, Virginia, specializes in prostate cancer and offers treatment options. For an evaluation, call the office today or book an appointment online.
Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the prostate, which is a small gland found near your bladder that’s responsible for producing some of the contents of your seminal fluid. It’s one of the most common types of cancers found in men. But it’s a slow-growing cancer, and when caught early can be successfully treated.
Your doctor at Urological Associates can help you determine when you should start prostate cancer screenings. It’s generally recommended that men start getting screened around age 50, but you may need to start your screenings sooner if you have a family history of the cancer.
The prostate cancer screen includes:
During a DRE, your physician inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to evaluate your prostate gland for any abnormalities in size, shape, or texture.
The PSA test is a blood test that measures PSA levels. An elevated PSA may be an indicator of prostate cancer. However, PSA levels can also be affected by inflammation or infection.
If your specialist finds any abnormalities during your prostate cancer screening, then additional tests, such as an ultrasound or biopsy, may be conducted to formalize a diagnosis.
The specialists at Urological Associates offer treatments for prostate cancer. The best treatment for you depends on how fast your prostate cancer is growing, whether it’s spread to other organs, and your overall health.
Treatment options for prostate cancer available at Urological Associates include:
Brachytherapy is a form of radiation treatment for men in the early stages of prostate cancer. The doctors perform this procedure right in the office. During your brachytherapy, your specialist places tiny radioactive capsules directly into the cancerous tissue to kill it. The capsules release radiation for three months and then they’re removed.
This procedure removes your prostate gland and some of the surrounding tissue and lymph nodes. Your surgeon may be able to perform your radical prostatectomy laparoscopically through tiny incisions in your abdomen or as a perineal prostatectomy, which is made through an incision between your anus and scrotum.
Hormones, chemotherapy, and biological therapy are other treatment options for prostate cancer. When caught early, you can expect good outcomes from your treatment.
To learn more about your treatments for prostate cancer, call Urological Associates today or book an appointment online.